consisting of about . The four largest are honshu Hokkaido Kyushu shikoku , and , which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefecture in eightregion, with hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and okinawa being the southernmost one. Japan is the 2nd most populous island country. The population of 127 million is the world's eleventh largest , of which 98.5% are ethnicJapanese. 90.7% of people live in cities, while 9.3% live in the countryside] About 13.8 million people live in tokyo the capital of japan The greater tokyo area is the most populous area in the world with over 38 million people.
Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the upper paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly china, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from western european, has characterized
From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military sogun who ruled in the name of the emporor Japan entered into a long period isolatetion in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from choshu and satsuma – and the empirorjapan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries.